El Gallo, 4546 Brooklyn Ave., East Los Angeles, (213) 263-5528 or (800) 65-Gallo. Open 6:30 a.m. to 9 p.m. daily, including holidays. Thin mexican mustache.
The sound of dough mixers that has echoed off the lofty ceiling of El Gallo’s workroom since 5 a.m. is finally quiet. Now, at 10 a.m., there are only rhythmic thumps and clacking rolls as head bakery man Nicholas Sosa and his crew hand-shape the nearly 4,500 pieces of pan dulce that the bakery will sell that day. Working at a long, high table, the bakers produce the whole gamut of traditional Mexican sweet breads. Some have cartoon-like forms and nicknames: Conchas (clam shells), payasos (clowns), cuernos (horns), bigotes (mustaches) and tomates (tomatoes) are among more than 50 varieties they turn out daily.
Early in the day, when the bakers have loaded tray after tray of pan dulce onto the sparkling, mirror-lined shelves behind the bakery counters, the whole place smells of freshly brewed coffee and mingling aromas of yeast and cinnamon. Children, who clatter into the bakery wide-eyed behind the grownups, are offered special tastes from a tray piled high with samples. Their parents--many come in twice a day--can indulge in El Gallo’s wonderfully rich Gavina coffee while they make their selection from the orderly rows of pan dulce.
The neighborhood, one of the oldest settlements in Los Angeles, has all the conveniences of a small, traditional Mexican town. El Gallo’s block boasts two places that still sell hand-made tortillas, a shop that makes wonderful carnitas and a small factory that turns out delicious Mexican-style glazed pumpkin and sweet potato candies. And kids can walk up the street to a shady park and an elementary school.
Pan dulce is most familiar on the breakfast table, where the story-book shapes and wide variety delight children and adults who devour it with steaming cups of coffee or hot chocolate. People also eat pan dulce for supper when their main meal--from 2 to 4 p.m.--precludes having anything too heavy in the evening. Unfortunately, sub-standard pan dulce has marred its reputation. But El Gallo’s subtly sweet breads, flavored with crushed cinnamon and generous quantities of fresh eggs, are likely to change many opinions.
What has kept El Gallo’s customers coming for three or four generations? The exceptional quality of its goods, of course. But also the fact that it bakes many difficult-to-find items that require special time-consuming techniques.
Each pan dulce is a complex little work of art. To make tortugas (turtles), for instance, a baker must roll out an oval of cinnamon dough, then roll a ‘ pasta ' made from sugar and shortening on top of that. Next he stamps on a turtle-shell design before draping the dough over the turtle’s oval body, made from pan de huevo, an egg dough. To create elotes, the cinnamon-dough buns that resemble ears of corn, El Gallo’s bakers, who have all honed their skills in Mexican panaderias, must etch in the rows of kernels with deft knife strokes.
The elotes will be stuffed with the same pasta used for the turtle shells. Several of the same basic doughs, toppings or fillings show up in many panes dulces combined in their own novel way. “Each bread has its own taste and character because the components can be varied almost endlessly,” says El Gallo’s owner, Jesus Huerta.
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El Gallo was opened in 1949 by Huerta’s mother, Magdalena Martinez-Huerta, and her brother Lauro. Their father had owned bakeries in Mexico since the early 1920s. He was also an entrepreneur, with a string of ice cream shops and cantinas in Guadalajara.
Martinez-Huerta would eventually follow in her father’s entrepreneurial footsteps. But for her first American business, she faced the challenge of creating authentic-tasting products using American ingredients. There was much to be changed: “The flour is different, so is the water. Even the different weather can change everything; yeast dough is very temperamental,” Huerta explains.
Working in a much smaller shop--the first El Gallo was up the street where a Long Beach Freeway overpass stands now--Martinez developed her recipes. Most call for expensive high-gluten flour because, says Huerta, it tastes better and makes a dough with better texture.
After a few years, Martinez-Huerta had built her business into a popular bakery. But she wanted to return to Mexico after she married and had children, preferring the lifestyle in Mexico. To keep her thriving bakery in the family, she consigned El Gallo to a cousin who had worked with her in the business.
Huerta was 6 when they moved, but he learned the business well by hanging around the bakery whenever the family was in town on its many business trips. “You kind of grow up with the experience in your pores,” he says.
In the nine years he has run El Gallo, Huerta has brought the bakery into the ‘90s with resurfaced, stainless-steel walls; new rotating, 48-pan ovens; a huge walk-in refrigerator and other modern equipment. Employees are cheerfully decked out in aprons, T-shirts and hats emblazoned with an El Gallo logo.
The shop’s panes dulces are as painstakingly crafted as if they’d been made in a traditional Mexican shop. But customers can now dial a somewhat untraditional (800) 65-GALLO to place large orders.
Panes dulces and other wheat breads arrived in the New World after the Spanish planted sugar cane and wheat on their first trip. The nuns and bakers who prepared Spanish-inspired sweets in the New World practically ignored the wonderful local vanilla and chocolate. They relied instead on cinnamon and cloves inherited from their Spanish kitchens. Little has changed in Mexican baking since then.
It’s easy to remember what each pan dulce is like when you think of them in categories.
All these breads, with the exception of nuez, start with a portion of pan de huevo, which is then individually shaped for each particular bread. Next, a covering of a different dough goes over this, and for each bread it is handled differently. The shell of the tortugas, for example, is cinnamon dough topped with pasta amarilla made yellow with the addition of egg yolks that bakes to a crackly finish. Even after the final sprinkling of sugar, tortugas aren’t as sweet-tasting as they look.
The most voluptuous of these, calabaza de crema, is supposed to resemble a pumpkin. It’s a simple pan de huevo round with a wedge removed, then filled with a velvety egg custard.
On the Day of the Dead (Nov. 1) and on All Soul’s Day (Nov. 2), people visit their family’s graves. This is when everyone buys pan de muertos, bread of the dead. It comes in two styles: one decorated as a skeleton, another as a round bread decorated with dough in the shape of bones. A little ghoulish, perhaps, but delicious nonetheless.
CINNAMON-DOUGH PAN DULCE (MASA PARA FINO)
Crushed--not ground--cinnamon gives these little breads their marvelous aroma. The dough is the same one used as a covering for the double-dough breads such as negritos, zapotes and nuez. Made without eggs, the dough is heavier than pan de huevo.
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Because they require special skills and are time-consuming to produce, most of these panes dulces are difficult to find now, even in Mexico. Mexican bakers, who get paid by the piece, want to stick with more quickly made pan dulce.
Each of the following pastries has a flaky quality, yet is distinct. The ingredients vary slightly, and every dough is handled differently.
A glass-like glaze of caramelized sugar (some bakeries call campechanas mirrors) tops the pastries. Baking the glaze is another tricky technique.